Mitigation of a radon-rich Belgian dwelling using active subslab depressurization.

Abstract

In a radon prone area in Belgium, a dwelling with high indoor radon concentrations was identified through a passive measurement. Next, a continuous, active radon monitoring device was installed for one month. A 20-a retrospective radon assessment was also performed. The house was subsequently mitigated through active subslab depressurization with a radial fan. Afterwards the dwelling was actively monitored for several more months to observe the effects of the mitigation and to study the effect of reducing the fan power. Dose evaluations were made to evaluate the health benefit of the mitigation. It was seen that the results of the three measuring techniques before mitigation all yielded between 1700 and 2000 Bq/m3. Clear diurnal radon variations showed up only after mitigation. After mitigation, the average radon concentration fell to less than 200 Bq/m3. The yearly average dose was reduced from potentially 45 mSv/y to less than 4.5 mSv/y through mitigation. Reducing fan power to 50% did not clearly influence the amount of radon entering into the dwelling.

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